It’s Time to End Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an often-overlooked disease. Many might question the importance of learning more about this illness. However, a lack of awareness and preparedness can cause this disease to fast spiral out of control, affecting many immunocompromised communities.

So what is tuberculosis, or TB?

TB is a communicable disease brought about in people by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. It mainly influences the lung and affects other organs of the body. In the case of latent tuberculosis, TB-infected patients don’t tend to show any symptoms.

 

TB IN INDIA

In 2018, the WHO (World Health Organization) estimated that over 2.69 million people in India were affected by tuberculosis, at the rate of 199 per 1,00,000 people. Currently, India contributes about a quarter of the world’s TB patients. According to TB Facts, India also has approximately 79,000 multi-drug resistant TB patients. India falls in the list of high-burden countries, a list of countries that have higher counts of infected patients and have been prioritized on a global level.

WHY IS AWARENESS IMPORTANT

Tuberculosis still poses a great global health burden on medical facilities around the world. With over a quarter of the world infected with this disease, it is crucial to increase awareness to stop the spread of the illness. However, current surveys quantify that the degree of awareness about TB prevention is only around 63%.

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The main symptoms of TB include persistent cough, consistent weight loss, loss of appetite, and coughing up blood.

THE RISK FACTORS

The risk factors for getting prone to TB infections are high due to the infectious nature of the disease. The following people are at risk:

People in close contact with a TB-infected patient

People with a poor immune response system

People  affected by habitual diseases like diabetes and kidney disorders

Cancer patients going through chemotherapy.

With the spread of this highly communicable disease on a rise, the WHO Europe, along with the UN, are working in close partnership to help countries speed up testing and response times. In December 2019, the Government of India created a national framework for a gender-responsive approach towards eradicating TB in India. As a key signatory of the UN’s 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, India has pledged to achieve its goal of a TB-free India by 2025. In the proposed 2020-2021 budget, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman advocated for expanding Jan Aushadhi Kendras to all districts of the country to provide medicines at affordable rates. If you have any more questions about tuberculosis awareness in India, you can visit the Central Tuberculosis Division’s website.

So this March 24th, on World TB Day, let’s make a commitment to reducing the stigma around tuberculosis and working towards a happier and healthier future.

 

Childcare During Pregnancy

The experiences of a woman during her pregnancy are both exciting as well as nervous. If you are someone who has gone through pregnancy or are currently going through one, you would understand the anxiety you have to just ensure everything about the baby (in your growing belly) is perfect! It is normal to be anxious, but it is also necessary to focus on the things in your hand – like eating healthy foodstuffs, keeping your body active and fit, and keeping your mind stress-free.

Let us touch upon these points in brief before we discuss ways to check the heartbeats of the baby after the initial few weeks of pregnancy.

Wholesome Diet

You will crave for different kinds of food items during pregnancy, and you may consume them subject to approval from your gynaecologist. Additionally, you need to ensure that you do consume enough fruits, vegetables, dry fruits, etc. to have an appropriate intake of protein, carbohydrates, calcium, minerals, and fats, that are required for you and the baby.

Body Fitness

Do not stop working just because you are pregnant. Keep yourself engaged in your office work and household work, as well as try and go for early morning walks to get fresh air into the body.

The well-being of the Baby

As you happen to read more about how to bond well with the baby as well as know everything is OK with the baby, you will come to know about the ability of certain devices to help you hear the heartbeats of your baby. How wonderful is that experience going to be? For the initial period of your pregnancy (before the baby starts kicking), these heartbeats will perhaps be the only way by which you identify the baby. This is when you will bump into words like ‘fetal doppler’, which is a hand-held, ultrasound device that is used by practitioners to enable you to hear the heartbeat of the baby during prenatal checkups/appointments.

How does the Fetal Doppler Work?

It makes use of sound waves to enable you to detect the heartbeats of the baby and make you hear the same. To start off, the device sends out high-frequency sound waves that get reflected from various tissues. Once the doppler is able to detect a heartbeat, it manages to convert the same into an auditory signal – so the doctor and you can hear the heartbeat. Isn’t this exciting for the to-be parents of the baby?

A reliable fetal doppler is offered by BPL Medical Technologies along with an LCD display so that the doctor can monitor the heart rate accurately. It makes sense to use the doppler under the guidance of the doctor so that he/she can guide you to look at the necessary things and hear the heartbeat in the best way possible.

12 channel ECG & Electrode placement

ECG – Electrocardiographs

Did you know that ECG as a concept originated in 1901? They coined a term Electrocardiograph as Electro meant Electrical Activity, Kardio meant Heart and Graph meant to write. Briefly put, a ECG measures the electrical activity of the heart and traces it as a graph helping the physician understand how your heart works. From then (machines with analog electronics), to now(with analog-to-digital converters), Electrocardiographs have evolved and come a long way. Continue reading “12 channel ECG & Electrode placement”

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