It’s Time to End Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an often-overlooked disease. Many might question the importance of learning more about this illness. However, a lack of awareness and preparedness can cause this disease to fast spiral out of control, affecting many immunocompromised communities.

So what is tuberculosis, or TB?

TB is a communicable disease brought about in people by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. It mainly influences the lung and affects other organs of the body. In the case of latent tuberculosis, TB-infected patients don’t tend to show any symptoms.

 

TB IN INDIA

In 2018, the WHO (World Health Organization) estimated that over 2.69 million people in India were affected by tuberculosis, at the rate of 199 per 1,00,000 people. Currently, India contributes about a quarter of the world’s TB patients. According to TB Facts, India also has approximately 79,000 multi-drug resistant TB patients. India falls in the list of high-burden countries, a list of countries that have higher counts of infected patients and have been prioritized on a global level.

WHY IS AWARENESS IMPORTANT

Tuberculosis still poses a great global health burden on medical facilities around the world. With over a quarter of the world infected with this disease, it is crucial to increase awareness to stop the spread of the illness. However, current surveys quantify that the degree of awareness about TB prevention is only around 63%.

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The main symptoms of TB include persistent cough, consistent weight loss, loss of appetite, and coughing up blood.

THE RISK FACTORS

The risk factors for getting prone to TB infections are high due to the infectious nature of the disease. The following people are at risk:

People in close contact with a TB-infected patient

People with a poor immune response system

People  affected by habitual diseases like diabetes and kidney disorders

Cancer patients going through chemotherapy.

With the spread of this highly communicable disease on a rise, the WHO Europe, along with the UN, are working in close partnership to help countries speed up testing and response times. In December 2019, the Government of India created a national framework for a gender-responsive approach towards eradicating TB in India. As a key signatory of the UN’s 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, India has pledged to achieve its goal of a TB-free India by 2025. In the proposed 2020-2021 budget, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman advocated for expanding Jan Aushadhi Kendras to all districts of the country to provide medicines at affordable rates. If you have any more questions about tuberculosis awareness in India, you can visit the Central Tuberculosis Division’s website.

So this March 24th, on World TB Day, let’s make a commitment to reducing the stigma around tuberculosis and working towards a happier and healthier future.

 

Top Tips for a Healthy Lifestyle in 2020

2020 has begun and many of us have tried to make new resolutions for the year – with fitness being a must in this new decade. Many of us tend to relate fitness with only workouts at the gym, but forget that overall health revolves around a lot of other factors related to eating, drinking, sleeping, physical activity, mental activity, and more. So, what are the things you need to do to maintain a healthy lifestyle in 2020? Let us discuss some of these healthy living tips below.

 

6 Best Ways for Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle

1. Consistent Physical Activity

Going for swimming sessions or a game of football/cricket every Sunday morning may not be enough to keep your body active, especially when the rest of the week you are sitting for the whole day at work in front of your laptop / PC. Aim for consistency in any physical activity that you do. To avoid boredom, involve yourself in a variety of physical activities on a regular basis – which may be hitting the gym, or going for a swim, or going for a round on cycle, or even playing a game of cricket or football on the turf.

2. Eating at Regular Intervals

Before we dwell on what you should eat and what you shouldn’t, it is important to ensure that you eat something at regular intervals of time. Regardless of how busy you are, do not keep your stomach empty for a long duration.

3. Sleep Well

Ensure your body gets enough sleep on a daily basis. If for some reason you couldn’t sleep for at least 7 hours at night, make sure you have good sleep on the following night. A good night’s sleep will ensure you stay active the whole day and will even improve your efficiency and productivity at work and otherwise.

4. Own Your Mornings

Many of you will give the excuse of lack of time to do any physical activity or maybe to give attention to your own body. Aim to sleep early around 11 p.m. and wake up by 6 a.m. on most days of the week. Keep aside the time from 6 a.m. to 7:30 a.m. for yourself and engage in a few minutes of walking, yoga, cycling, or even a quick yet effective HIIT workout at the gym. This habit shall ensure that your body and your mind stays active for a longer amount of time.

5. Healthy Eating Habits

Have a wholesome breakfast in the morning comprising of idlis or egg omelettes or similar hot food items, along with cereals/oats/muesli, dry fruits, and a glass of milk or fresh fruit juice. Make sure you consume at least two fruits and some salad every day. Drink 2-3 glasses of warm water immediately after waking up in the morning, and drink a minimum of 11 to 12 glasses of water throughout the day. Ensure that your dinner is the lightest meal of the day, and make sure you have it before 8:30 p.m. every day.

6. Prepare Yourself for Tougher Physical Challenges

To keep yourself motivated throughout the year to indulge in physical activities and a healthier diet, try involving your family/ friends in your fitness journey. Try group activities like marathons, hikes, or treks to bring an element of fun and competition into fitness, so you’re always feeling engaged and challenged!

By integrating these tips into your lifestyle, you’ll find yourself loving its positive effects on your overall well-being. So try it out and start 2020 on the right foot!

Protect Your Lungs- Breathe Safe!

Diwali is one of the most awaited festivals in India. While people look forward to the exchange of gifts and sweets, new clothes, following the traditional rituals, and so on, there are concerns for many related to the bursting of firecrackers and the corresponding air pollution it results into. There is already considerable air pollution in India, and during Diwali, the air gets further contaminated with excessive smoke. This creates problems for people suffering from lung disorders like Asthma and bronchiolitis, especially amongst kids.

A child suffering from Asthma, he/she needs to get used to taking regular Asthma medication. The related medicines need to be administered to the lungs, for which it is recommended to make use of inhalers/nebulizers. This will help kids to breathe easily and faceless troubles with excessive smoke during festivals like Diwali.

How does a Nebulizer Help?

A nebulizer is a piece of medical equipment that can be used for administering medicines straight to the lungs and respiratory system for lung disorder patients (especially kids suffering from Asthma). This medical device helps to convert the liquid medicines into a fine mist that can be inhaled by the patient through a mouthpiece or face mask.

How to Use Nebulizers?

Doctors or nurses generally explain the method to use nebulizers for relevant patients and their family members. There may be some differences between how two nebulizer machines operate – hence, it is critical to ensure that patients seek guidance as well as read the instruction manual thoroughly before starting to use any nebulizer machine.

Few basic steps involved in the use of a nebulizer are as under:

  • Clean the device and medicine cup/container properly
  • Wash hands
  • Check the correct measurement of the medicine to be consumed
  • Put the medicine in the cup/container
  • Connect the tube to the machine
  • Assemble the mask and mouthpiece
  • Power ON and check if the device is administering the medication in the form of a mist
  • place the mask appropriately over your nose and mouth to leave no gaps
  • Start taking slow and deep breaths through the mouthpiece until the medicine is consumed entirely, by keeping the medicine cup/container upright during this step (which may take a few minutes)

We have seen the effective usage of nebulizers to ensure kids and adults suffering from Asthma (or similar lung disorders) can reduce the impact of smoke polluted air during a festival like Diwali. BPL Medical Technologies offers a variety of nebulizer machines which can help Asthma patients enjoy Diwali like every other person. You can purchase our nebulizer available on Amazon here.

30 million Diabetics in India are women – Act to change

14th of November is celebrated worldwide as Word Diabetes Day and this year we are focusing on on Women and Diabetes.  Why, do you wonder? 1 in 7 births is affected by Gestational Diabetes. There are ~200 million women around the world living with Diabetes and with India being the Diabetes Capital of the World, the number of women in India living undiagnosed is even higher. In a population of 1.2 billion, women contribute to around 30 million Diabetics! It’s a staggering number but isn’t surprising considering the lifestyle Indian women adopt. Continue reading “30 million Diabetics in India are women – Act to change”

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